Health Benefits of Vitamin C - Effects on the Body



Benefits of Vitamin C.

Vitamin C is the most important antioxidant in our body, used to fight off inflammation caused by oxidative damage, thereby helping each and every cell within to repair quickly.

As you continue, you'll learn about several of health benefits that come from getting enough "C" in your diet. There's one myth that needs to be dispelled before proceeding.

The Cold & Flu Myth.

This antioxidant gets most of its fanfare during cold and flu season. The thinking being that vitamin C helps to ward these infections off. There's no scientific evidence to support this commonly accepted notion.

To put this myth to rest, the only reason taking vitamin C would hold any benefit to cold and flu sufferers would be if you're deficient to begin with. You might fight off the symptoms more quickly when taking a supplement, IF you don't get enough of it with your regular diet, but don't expect to get fewer occurrences from taking it.

Recommended Daily Dose (mg).

0-1 year: 50.
Ages 1-3: 15.
Ages 4-8: 25.
Ages 8-18: 80.
Male Adults: 90-500.
Female Adults: 75-500.
During Pregnancy: 90-500.
While Breast Feeding: 120-1000.
* Smokers should aim for at least 250 mg per day, as increased inflammation from this habit causes the body to use more vitamin C to maintain optimal health.

Top Dietary Sources of Vitamin C.

Vitamin C is only found in fruits and veggies. In general, the brighter the color, the more "C" you'll get.

The list provided below shows the top food sources, in ascending order.

Foods rich in Vitamin C:.

Veggies (mg):.

1/2 cup of colored peppers: 101-144.
1/2 cup of green peppers: 63.
1/2 cup chopped broccoli: 54.
1 cup of red cabbage: 54.
4 brussel sprouts: 50.
1/2 cup of kohlrabi: 47.
1/2 cup of snow peas: 41.
1/2 cup of cauliflower: 28.
1/2 cup of kale: 28.
1/2 cup of rapini: 24.
1 medium sized potato: 21.
1/2 cup of bok choy: 23.
1 medium sized sweet potato: 22.
6 spears of asparagus: 22.
1/2 cup of turnip tops (greens): 21.
1/2 cup of collard greens: 18.
1 medium sized tomato: 16.
1/2 cup of tomato sauce: 15.
Fruits:.

1 regular guava fruit: 206.
1 large papaya: 188.
1 grapefruit: 95.
1 large kiwi: 84.
1 medium sized orange: 75.
10 lychees: 69.
1 mango: 58.
1 avocado: 52.
1/2 cup strawberries (not chopped): 52.
1/2 cup pineapple (chopped): 45.
1 clementine: 36.
1/2 cup of cantaloupe: 31.
1/2 cup of fortified juices (apple, orange, grape, grapefruit, pineapple): 29-70.
1/2 cup of soursop: 25.
1 medium tangerine: 22.
1/2 cup of persimmon: 17.
1/2 cup of berries (blackberries, raspberries, blueberries): 17.
Benefits of Vitamin C.

Diabetes:.

Low levels of circulating vitamin C, combined with low insulin levels means Home diabetics are more susceptible to the effects of free-radical damage. Vitamin C also reduces glycosylated hemoglobin levels (sugar adhering to red blood cells) which causes slow wound healing, high blood pressure, neuropathy and numerous other health problems.

Eye Health:.

As an antioxidant, vitamin C prevents cataracts, which are caused by sunlight, to cloud up our eyes. A healthy human eye will contain loads of concentrated vitamin C; poor intake is one of the leading causes of cataracts, next to excessive sun exposure.

Asthma:.

Asthma is a disease resulting from excessive inflammation in the airways and lungs. Vitamin C controls inflammation and has proved instrumental in treating and preventing symptoms (see study). Asthmatics can benefit from doses of 1000-2000 mg daily.

Faster Healing:.

Because "C" reduces oxidative stress on cells and reduces inflammation, adequate levels in the body will also promote faster healing than would occur with those with poor dietary intake of the vitamin.

Cardiovascular Health:.

Free radical damage inside the walls of our arteries leaves them vulnerable to plaque, which is caused by circulating cholesterol and fatty acids forming together (i.e., arteriosclerosis). When plaque has already begun, vitamin C is beneficial to prevent plaque formation and also helps to reduce it.

Cancer Prevention & Treatment:.

Cancer is caused by cumulative oxidative stress in the areas of the body affected by cancers of all kinds. Vitamin C is directly responsible for removing free radicals before they cause damage, making it essential for prevention and treatment of all types of cancer.

Weight Loss:.

Obese people have lower levels of circulating vitamin C in their body; most likely due to a poor diet. Increasing your dose of vitamin C significantly lowers levels adiponectin, a fat-suppressing hormone shown to dramatically decrease waist circumference and over all body-mass-index numbers. Learn more about vitamin C deficiency and its link to obesity here.

Summary.

Our bodies do not manufacture vitamin C, putting it at the top of the list of 13 essential vitamins that we must get via diet to maintain optimal health. Anyone who's taken a middle-school history class knows about scurvy and its effects on early sea-farers, but many of the effects caused by deficiency today are silent killers, slowly robbing us of our health and youthful exuberance.

At the very least, consider taking a quality supplement, chelated or liquid form, to ensure optimal health - now and in the future.


Low levels of circulating vitamin C, combined with low insulin levels means diabetics are more susceptible to the effects of free-radical damage. Vitamin C also reduces glycosylated hemoglobin levels (sugar adhering to red blood cells) which causes slow wound healing, high blood pressure, neuropathy and numerous other health problems.

Vitamin C controls inflammation and has proved instrumental in treating and preventing symptoms (see study). Obese people have lower levels of circulating vitamin C in their body; most likely due to a poor diet. Increasing your dose of vitamin C significantly lowers levels adiponectin, a fat-suppressing hormone shown to dramatically decrease waist circumference and over all body-mass-index numbers.

Automotive Detailing Could Add Years to the Life of Your Car or Truck



Auto detailing is not only designed to immediately improve the appearance of your car, but also to preserve its performance and longevity. Whether you want to spruce up your SUV for a special occasion or you have a show car that needs polishing right before a showcase, professional auto detailers will have the techniques and tools necessary to ensure optimal precision.

No matter what the make or model of your suv, car, or truck, auto detailing is essential for long-lasting aesthetics and performance. You may not even realize it, but driving your car every day could be slowly deteriorating your exterior finish, underbody, windshield, rims, and more. Your daily commute isn't just doing damage to the outside of your vehicle-- everyday use means the gradual accumulation of dust, dirt, and grime on the inside of your vehicle.

While vacuuming out your car or driving it through the car wash is a good way to get rid of most of the visible dirt and gunk, it's usually not enough to clean out the hard-to-reach nooks and crannies. Average vehicle owners aren't suited with the powerful equipment necessary for performing a truly thorough job when it comes to deep-cleaning, paint touch-ups, and more.

If you're seriously interested in getting your vehicle clean from top to bottom, performing a DIY job will only result in you wasting hours of your precious Saturday afternoon. Without the proper upholstery shampoo, paint sealant, or exterior polish, you will likely wind up with lackluster results at best. An auto detailing expert, however, will have the proper vacuum attachments, glass treatment products, odor eliminators, and more that will get your vehicle looking and smelling its best. Moreover, if you want to give your classic hot rod or showcase vehicle the occasional touch-up, you won't want to trust just anyone with its delicate finish or limited-edition interior.

Hiring a professional automotive detailing company will eliminate the risk of potential harm to your vehicle. Whether you avoid shoddy results from amateurish work or prevent the development of rust on your fender, going with expert auto detailers is an especially prudent choice if you're in a locale that frequently sees inclement weather or gravelly roads. Protecting the quality of your vehicle is an important part of being a car owner, so it's vital that you take notice immediately when your car is looking worse for the wear. Being proactive about your car detailing will help you get rid of lingering odors, threatening rust spots, paint scratches, and more, enabling you to preserve the overall quality and condition of your vehicle for a long time to come.


While vacuuming out your car or driving it through the car wash is a good way to get rid of most of the visible dirt and gunk, it's usually not enough to clean out the hard-to-reach nooks and crannies. Protecting the quality of your vehicle is an south jersey auto detailing important part of being a car owner, so it's vital that you take notice immediately when your car is looking worse for the wear. Being proactive about your car detailing will help you get rid of lingering odors, threatening rust spots, paint scratches, and more, enabling you to preserve the overall quality and condition of your vehicle for a long time to come.

What Makes a Good Bar



Ask any hotelier, publican or bar owner as to what makes a good bar, you will probably get the same answer: "One that makes money." If you ask a customer what makes for a good bar you will get a myriad of different answers, and as a good bar attracts customers its important to know what they want.

So knowing what a customer wants in a good well equipped bar is essential if you are to remain in business in such a desperate time for the bar and leisure industry. There are some key factors in what makes a good and successful bar and adhering to as many of them as you can will go a long way to ensuring your bar is a popular and profitable one.

Location

Key to all businesses, but perhaps more so in the bar industry. And location will also define the type of bar. Customer's at the end of the street pub will have different requirements to those in a busy downtown bar.

Ambiance

The ambiance of any pub is key. A middle aged couple after a meal and a quick drink will soon do a U-turn if loud music is blaring from a pub, and likewise, if you want to attract a younger crowd, music, drinks and entertainment should all be geared toward them.

Tables should be clean and plates and empty glasses cleared as soon possible. Crucial to a bar's success is making people feel as comfortable as possible. Décor is important too, making sure the bar, hotel, pub or restaurant is attractive to sit in will go a long way to making people feel comfortable

The Bar

Friendly, efficient staff are vital to any bar. Large queues of people waiting for drinks will soon put people off coming again as will rowdy behaviour if trouble makers are not dealt with. A well equipped bar is crucial too. A bar should not only be well stocked with drinks but read more all the right bar equipment should be at hand too so make sure you have a good bar equipment supplier

A successful night

Don't be frightened to try new things such as karaoke or cocktail and quiz nights - don't get set in your ways otherwise you may find your customers disappearing with your profits.


Customer's at the end of the street pub will have different requirements to those in a busy downtown bar.

Crucial to a bar's success is making people feel as comfortable as possible. Décor is important too, making sure the bar, hotel, restaurant or pub is attractive to sit in will go a long way to making people feel comfortable

A bar should not only be well stocked with drinks but all the right bar equipment should be at hand too so make sure you have a good bar equipment supplier

Why Buy IPods, iphones and ipads? Unlike Other Brands, They Are Affordable to Repair



All smart phones and tablets are slippery like playing cards. And like a card trick gone bad, they can flip and slip and fall from your hands. It is sad when it ends in broken glass. It gets worse! Now that you shattered the glass, you are probably going to pay a lot of money to get it repaired. In many cases, it may make more sense to buy a replacement device.

The tips in this article are very specific to the 3 devices mentioned in the title. Unlike many other brands of smart phones and tablets, they are readily repairable at affordable prices by shops which specialize in just those 3 devices.

Other brands do not enjoy affordable parts availability and a virtual army of able and experienced technicians. Apple devices may cost more to buy initially, they can be readily and economically be repaired when the tips in this article are followed.

Easy as Apple Pie Repair Tips:

Tip # 3: Back up your device.

In the vast majority of cases, your data will not be lost during the repair - but it does happen. Picking up your newly repaired device to find precious pictures gone can hurt your heart.

Tip # 2: Two Repairs you can do at home.

If the back of your iPhone 4 or 4S is broken or the microphone won't work: These are two repairs you can attempt at home. You can buy these at Radio Shack or any electronics supply.

If your microphone is not working take a clean small brush and make sure the port is clean. It is a good idea to check and all the ports on your iPhone occasionally. If this doesn't correct the problem, take it to an iPhone Repair Shop.

Why shouldn't you attempt other repairs? Most "how to repair your device" videos are designed to get you to order the part from them at above market prices. To facilitate this, the repair is made to look deceptively easy. The common pitfalls and problems encountered in the repair are not adequately covered in the typical video.

Yes, you would eventually figure out a repair like replacing the front glass. It is very easy to rip any of many small ribbons, each of them full of tiny wires, from the mother board or logic board in almost every repair except those mentioned above.

There is nothing wrong with doing your own repair if that is your goal. You may want to learn to do that repair so you can do it for others. It doesn't make sense if all you want to do is get your phone fixed fast.

Tip # 1: Pick the right shop.

Experience matters. Find a local repair shop with a lot of experience with just the handheld device made by the company that reminds us all of apple pie. Just because a shop has been in business a long time does not mean they are deeply experienced with these devices. A shop which has been repairing computers for years (for example) and recently began repairing handheld devices by the company based in northern California, will not be good at repairing them until they have done a few thousand repairs.

Find a specialized shop. Carrying enough parts to repair ipads, iphones and ipods is daunting enough. A shop which repairs computers and all brands of cell phones is like the old saying, "Jack of all trades and master of none." You also don't want to hear, "We'll order that part for you." A specialized shop will have the part for your device made by the company in Cupertino, now. They will most likely be much faster at doing the repair. This means you won't have much down time.

Call the shop you are considering. How many of your device have they repaired?

Ask the price and what it includes. Any business can reduce the price for cash versus a credit card for payment because the business must pay a fee to accept a credit card.

If you need an appointment, you can also ask. Are the hours they are open going to work with your schedule? Following the above tips will go a long way to ensure a positive experience while working to get a big negative out of your life - a broken iPhone, iPod or iPad.

Conclusion: The above tips are very specific to Apple handheld devices because of these facts: They were first to market, so there is a large market of used devices to be had. Some of these technicians have made a career with just these few devices and are deeply experienced in repair of them.

The company that reminds us of apple cider chose to make parts using many jobbers in China, so parts are available at competitive prices. The initial purchase price of any device is not the entire picture.

All more info hand held devices can easily break. Buttons and speakers wear out. The purchase of a less expensive device, only to have it break and be faced with a repair bill so large it effectively renders the device economically useless, is a factor worth considering when shopping.


Most "how to repair your device" videos are designed to get you to order the part from them at above market prices. Find a local repair shop with a lot of experience with just the handheld device made by the company that reminds us all of apple pie. A shop which has been repairing computers for years (for example) and recently began repairing handheld devices by the company based in northern California, will not be good at repairing them until they have done a few thousand repairs.

Some of these technicians have made a career with just these few devices and are deeply experienced in repair of them.

The purchase of a less expensive device, only to have it break and be faced with a repair bill so large it effectively renders the device economically useless, is a factor worth considering when shopping.

Normal Hair Growth and Common Hair Loss



Normal Hair Growth Cycles

Undisturbed, each terminal scalp hair usually grows continuously for about approximately three to five years. Then, the hair transitions into a resting state where the visible portion above the skin is shed. No hair grows from the follicle for 90 days. Once this time has passed, a new hair begins growing through the skin and continues for another three to five years at a rate of approximately 1/2 inch per month.

It is thought that as many as 100 genes are involved in regulating the creation, construction and cycling of scalp hair. To date, very few of these genes have been identified.

Common Pattern Hair Loss

Hamilton-Norwood Hair Loss Scale

For those concerned about hair loss, many myths and half-truths abound, but useful information can be difficult to obtain. An objective overview of pattern hair loss is presented herein.

In healthy well-nourished individuals of both genders, the most common form of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia (AGA), also known as pattern hair loss. The disorder affects approximately 40 million American men. Perhaps surprisingly, the same disorder affects about 20 million American women. The difference between men and women is that a woman suffering hair loss usually retains her feminine hairline and experiences thinning behind this leading edge. In men, a distinct "pattern" of loss manifests where the frontal edge recedes at the same time that a thinning zone expands from the posterior crown. In more pronounced cases, these zones meet and the person is said to be clinically bald.

Three Triggers

Importantly, three things need to occur in order for one to be affected by AGA. First, one must inherit the genetic predisposition. This means that the problem comes from one or both sides of the family. Second, one needs to attain a certain age. Nine year old children do not experience pattern hair loss. And third, one needs to have the circulating hormones that precipitate onset and progression of the disorder.

Typically, the earliest onset of AGA occurs in late puberty or one's early 20's. As a general rule, the earlier hair loss begins, the more pronounced it is likely to become.

Hormones, Enzymes & Other Factors

Crystallography of DHT molecule
From a susceptibility standpoint, the principle hormonal trigger linked to pattern hair loss is 5-alpha dihydrotestosterone, commonly referred to as DHT. Intriguingly, it has been shown that in persons genetically insensitive to DHT, pattern hair loss does not occur. DHT is synthesized from the androgen hormone testosterone and is useful early in life and during puberty.

Disorders as disparate as benign prostatic hyperplasia and pattern hair loss are both triggered by DHT. Hair loss treatment options that efficiently interfere with the interaction between 5-alpha reductase and androgen hormones like testosterone have been shown to offer clinical benefit in treating pattern hair loss.

Because hair growth is regulated by multiple genes and attendant biochemical pathways, the underlying factors are extremely complex. Another challenge to understanding hair loss has been the fact that humans, alone among mammals, suffer from androgenetic alopecia. Thus, no efficient animal model exists that would otherwise tend to shed light upon the key factors at work.

Hair Loss Variations Other Than AGA

Less often, the cause of hair loss may be associated with disorders such as lupus erythematosis, scabies or other skin manifesting disease processes. Scalp biopsy and lab assay may be useful in ascertaining a definitive diagnosis, but, in such cases, should generally only follow an initial clinical evaluation by a qualified treating physician.

Pattern Hair Loss Treatment Options

It has wryly been observed that the choices for dealing with hair loss are "drugs, plugs, or rugs". This quip articulates three treatment options that are more kindly referred to as non-surgical hair systems, surgical hair restoration, and pharmacotherapy.

Non-surgical Restoration

Typical Hair Piece

Hair replacement systems have been in regular use at least since the time of ancient Egypt. These products also go by the term hair integration systems, wigs, weaves, hair pieces, toupees and many other names.

The first is the hair itself which may be synthetic, natural, or a combination thereof. Typically, the hair is woven in to a fabric-like base which is then attached in some fashion to the scalp. Methods include sewing the base to the fringe hair, gluing the base to the fringe hair, or gluing the base to the bald scalp.

Potential advantages to hair systems include the immediacy of achieving a full hair "look" that can appear, to the casual observer, to approximate a full head of hair. The potential disadvantages of hair systems are many and varied.

In persons who are actively losing hair, vs. those who are essentially bald, the hair system itself may rapidly accelerate the process of going bald. Another disadvantage is the hard leading edge that can give away the fact that a person is wearing a hair system. In the past, this problem has been addressed by using delicate lace front artificial hairlines that look quite natural but tend to be extremely fragile.

Hair systems must be serviced and eventually replaced themselves because they are nonliving. The costs of servicing and maintaining a hair replacement system are not insubstantial-- and such costs can dramatically exceed the initial price of acquisition.

Surgical Hair Restoration

Surgical hair restoration, commonly known as hair transplantation, exploits a phenomenon first described in the 1950's. This phenomenon, donor dependence refers to the observation that hair bearing tissue, when relocated to a previously balding area of the same person's scalp, continues to produce viable, vigorously hair that persists in its new location as it otherwise would, had it not been "relocated". In appropriately selected patients, surgical hair restoration can constitute a positive solution to pattern hair loss

There are important caveats to hair transplantation. Thus, both operator and patient are relegated to whatever permanent hair bearing tissue is in place.

A hair line that is too abrupt or spotty may look worse than it did before it was restored. By the same token, hair behind the leading edge that is not restored in a fashion that yields meaningful density (e.g. 1 hair per mm/sq) often fails to approximate a full head of hair.

The third caveat to hair transplantation refers to a problem known as chasing a receding hair line. Because hair loss is relentless and progressive, it is possible that donor hair restored integrated into an apparently intact area of scalp hair may end up as an island of hair because the hair behind it continues to erode. In this situation, patients are compelled to augment hair behind the restoration zone in order to retain a full appearance. This works reasonably well until either the hair stops thinning or one eventually runs out of donor hair.

Ideally, for persons undergoing transplant surgery, it would be helpful to incorporate a treatment option that safely and effectively arrested the progression of hair loss, allowing the treating surgeon to fill in the thin areas without the read more concern of chasing a receding hair line.

Drug-based Hair Loss Treatment Options

From a treatment perspective, the two most widely used therapeutic interventions against pattern hair loss have been topical minoxidil and oral finasteride.

Minoxidil

Minoxidil, first sold under the trade-name Rogaine( TM) was initially developed as the oral antihypertensive drug, Loniten( TM). In some patients who used minoxidil to treat blood pressure problems, it was observed that unusual hair growth occurred on the face and scalp. Rogaine( TM) (2% minoxidil) was the first hair loss treatment drug approved by the FDA for use in men.

The advantages of Rogaine( TM) include the ability to arrest, and possibly reverse, pattern hair loss. Based on Pfizer's own marketing materials, Rogaine( TM) has primarily been shown to be effective in treating hair loss in the vertex and posterior scalp, but not the anterior hairline. Minoxidil is a potent drug with potential side effects that include hypotension and skin irritation.

Finasteride

Finasteride, a selective type II 5-alpha reductase inhibitor was originally developed, in 5 mg oral dosage, under the trade name Proscar( TM) to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Because BPH is linked biochemically to the same metabolic pathways that trigger pattern hair loss, it was hypothesized that finasteride could be clinically useful in both pathologies. In placebo-controlled studies on men with mild to moderate hair loss, Propecia( TM) was shown to produce clinically relevant benefit in arresting, and in some cases, reversing the progression of the disorder.

Dutasteride

Like finasteride, dutasteride was originally developed to treat BPH. Unlike finasteride however, dutasteride inhibits both isoforms of 5-alpha reductase, while finasteride inhibits only type II 5-alpha reductase. Interestingly, a clinical study undertaken by GlaxoSmithKline, the EPICS trial, did not find dutasteride to be more effective than finasteride in treating BPH.

At the present time, dutasteride is approved to treat BPH. Clinical trials for dutasteride as a hair loss drug were undertaken, but halted in late 2002. Potential side effects noted with the use of dutasteride include gynecomastia, changes to PSA levels, teratogenic effects and others that closely parallel the negative side effect profile described by the makers of finasteride.

In December 2006, GlaxoSmithKline embarked on a new Phase III, six month study in Korea to test the safety, tolerability and effectiveness of a once-daily dose of dutasteride (0.5 mg) for the treatment of AGA in the vertex region of the scalp (types IIIv, IV and V on the Hamilton-Norwood scale). The future impact that this study will have on the FDA's approval or disapproval of Avodart for the treatment of male pattern baldness in the United States is yet to be determined.

Other Drugs

On occasion, but specifically in female patients drugs including spironalactone & flutamide have, on occasion been used off-label to treat various forms of hair loss. Each drug comes with a host of potential side effects, and none has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of pattern hair loss.

Non-drug based Hair Loss Treatment Options

After the creation of HairGenesis(TM) a number of other products came on the market. Aside from HairGenesis(TM), none has been supported with a third party, IRB monitored, placebo-controlled, double blind study-- published in the peer-reviewed medical literature. For those wishing to see how HairGenesis(TM) is thought to compare to other hair loss treatment options, a review of the HairGenesis(TM) Comparison Page is encouraged.

Inasmuch as the bulk of this website focuses on the benefits associated with HairGenesis(TM), the numerous points in favor of HairGenesis(TM) treatment will not be reiterated herein. Two points are relevant to the present discussion, however, and will be concisely articulated.

First, the complex of naturally derived active substances used in HairGenesis(TM) have been shown to operate through pathways and mechanisms that are unique from one another, as well as separate and apart from those within which drug-based treatments work. Suffice to say that this observation has presented a unique opportunity to develop HairGenesis into a "cocktail" treatment wherein formulation synergy would most likely occur.

In plain English, this means that HairGenesis(TM) has been designed to be greater than the sum of its parts.


In healthy well-nourished individuals of both genders, the most common form of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia (AGA), also known as pattern hair loss. These products also go by the term hair integration systems, wigs, weaves, hair pieces, toupees and many other names. Surgical hair restoration, commonly known as hair transplantation, exploits a phenomenon first described in the 1950's. By the same token, hair behind the leading edge that is not restored in a fashion that yields meaningful density (e.g. 1 hair per mm/sq) often fails to approximate a full head of hair. Because hair loss is progressive and relentless, it is possible that donor hair restored integrated into an apparently intact area of scalp hair may end up as an island of hair because the hair behind it continues to erode.

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